Nicholas Mander

Nicholas Mander

'You see life flying through'

The Western Daily Press
Saturday, May 16, 2009

Sir Nicholas Mander and his wife Karin talk to John Hudson as they open their home, Owlpen Manor, to the public for another season.

Another May comes around and another visitor season for Owlpen Manor, which manages to be known by large numbers of people in the South Cotswolds and beyond, yet still has the unworldly air of a remote and beautiful place from a bygone age. Its situation partly accounts for that, in an amphitheatre of a valley, one of the deepest and most secluded on the Cotswold Edge, with just the west side open to the Severn Vale.

It's been praised by a who's who of arty visitors over the years, but the iconic gardener Gertrude Jekyll said it all on the eve of World War I when she wrote:

"Among little hillside gardens treated in a formal fashion, none is more delightful than that of Owlpen Manor... with what modesty the house nestles against the hillside and seeks to hide itself amidst regiments of yews."

Visitors used to describe the house as "small" or "tiny", which is an interesting glimpse into the mind-set of those who can regard a 10-bedroom property as such. But yes, as a house to visit, it is endearingly compact, and equally attractive to lovers of medieval buildings and admirers of the Arts and Crafts movement of a century ago.
Above all, Owlpen is unashamedly a family home, and the lucky family is that of Sir Nicholas Mander and his wife Karin, who have been here since 1974. They have five grown-up children, and all but one was born during their time here. As the visiting grandchildren multiply, there will probably come a time when the house will close to the public. But that's not this year, and we can enjoy it while we can, just as long as the weather behaves itself.
There's something about the house in Nicholas Mander, who turns 60 next year – quiet and understated, but with hidden depths and a varied history. His family grew rich making paint, varnish and latterly printing ink in Wolverhampton, before the company was bought by an American conglomerate just over 10 years ago. The Manders were big players in Staffordshire from Georgian times, as philanthropists and patrons of the arts as well as major employers, but it was not until 1911 that a baronetcy came the way of Charles Tertius Mander in George V's coronation honours list.
Sir Nicholas is the fourth baronet, but educated at Downside and Cambridge, his career has not been in varnish and ink. He was co-founder of Mander Portman Woodward, one of the country's best-known independent sixth-form college groups, and has been a director of property development companies in London and Spain. More locally, he helped Alan Sutton get his publishing company going in Gloucester back in the Seventies, and is deeply involved in a variety of charities and amenity organisations.
Houses and estates evolve; Owlpen, like a lot of its fellow tourist attractions in this part of the world, has seen its visitor numbers dropping off in recent years, but there are other ways ahead.
"When we came here in 1974, the farm was a relatively serious component of the estate," says Sir Nicholas.
"Now it's of no relevance at all and it's just a question of maintaining it. A lot of smaller houses like ours are going more towards weddings and corporate events, and that's what we're doing, in a small way.
"We're not licensed for weddings – Stroud District Council, with which we have an excellent relationship in general, was worried they would generate too much traffic round these little lanes. But we're ideal for receptions for up to about 80 people, with our restaurant and room for a marquee.
"Our holiday cottages are also something we've developed. When we came here we had the nucleus of the manorial estate – redundant staff cottages, an old grist mill and barn, which in the 18th century was known as the cider house, and the court house, where the court leet was held. "
All of them were crumbing to pieces but now they have a new life and a future, as well as bringing in income for us. We restored them as nine cottages at the rate of about one a year, between 1975 and 1985, since when it's been a case of upgrading kitchens and bathrooms.
"Just as my wife and I came here as a young couple, had our children here and now see them coming back with children of their own, some of our holiday cottage clients are people who came as children, kept coming as young marrieds and are now back with grandchildren. Some people say Owlpen is timeless, but really, you see life flying through the place."
The restaurant's success owes much to Sir Nicholas's Swedish-born wife Karin, who also takes a keen interest in the garden. He says his own approach to gardening lies more in planning and design, but for years his pride and joy, until he found that a man with mechanical clippers could do the job at least as well and in a fraction of the time, was the meticulous hand-clipping of the towering yew trees planted close to the house.
"They were very much out of scale and out of shape when we arrived," he says. "They had been planted as a 'yew parlour', but they were more like a wilderness. You have to be more brutal with them than you think to get them back in order. Some of my friends thought I was a complete butcher and the trees would never recover."
Those yews mean a lot to the Manders. They dominate an etching of Owlpen by the Cotswold Arts and Crafts artist FL Griggs, and the couple had a pleasing sense of life imitating art as the trees were gradually sculpted back into shape. The reclaiming of the rest of the garden was just as tricky.
"At first, I did quite a lot of visiting Italian and Renaissance gardens," says Sir Nicholas. "Then I contacted the garden designer Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe, and he replied that the great thing about Owlpen is that its so un-Italian – it's got this great medieval sense of organic growth.
"Then again, we've read in books that we have this wonderful Arts and Crafts garden designed by Norman Jewson. In fact, he didn't do any gardening at all; it's our garden.
"Jewson bought the house in 1925 as a labour of love and kept it for a year, in which time he repaired it after 100 years of dereliction. But he had no time for the garden. Happily, we got to know him in his old age, when we first came here. The house was sold for the first time in 1,000 years when he bought it, he sold it at a loss a year later and it's had three owners since then."
It's a house that dates from 1450-1616, with a magnificent Tudor great hall, a Jacobean parlour wing dated 1616 and an elegant early Georgian little parlour, remodelled in 1719 among its finest features. The great chamber contains unique painted cloth wall-hangings dating from about 1700, about which Sir Nicholas plans to write a book aimed at arts professionals.
He has also written a family history, with another in the pipeline, as well as the Country Houses of the Cotswolds book reviewed here.
Oh yes, and the ghost. There's got to be one of those, hasn't there?
At Owlpen it's Queen Margaret of Anjou, the wife of Henry VI, who stayed here in early May 1471 on her way to disaster at the Battle of Tewkesbury. She is said to keep returning to the house where she spent her last happy night before her defeat, exile and widowhood. Sir Nicholas has never had the pleasure of meeting her, but reckons some people pick up the vibes.
"A film crew turned up from the television programme Most Haunted," he muses. "The presenter was a great actor..."

 
 
Owlpen Manor, near Uley, is open by arrangement with the Estate Office. Please call for details.
 
 
 
 
 
Sir Nicholas Mander spoke to scores of friends and fellow country house owners to compile Country Houses of the Cotswolds (Aurum Press, £25). He also drew upon some 200 photographs published in Country Life over  the past century – a unique repository of architectural history.
The result is a splendid coffee-table book in which more than 30 houses, grouped by period and style, reveal the historical and architectural importance of the Cotswolds. They range from sublime castles such as Sudeley to early manor houses, among them Owlpen Manor, Daneway House and Snowshill Manor, and then there are the important Jacobean manors, including Stanway and Chastleton.
The second part of the book focuses on the great classical country houses and noblemen's palaces of the 18th century, notably Badminton House and Dyrham Park. And the third section surveys the 20th century and beyond, not least such Arts and Crafts showpieces as Ernest Barnsley's Rodmarton Manor and William Morris's Kelmscott.
What all these houses have in common is an ambience and presence that make them unforgettable to all who know them.
 
nicholas  
 
 

Cotswold People

Sir Nicholas Mander

nicholas_mander_2
Sir Nicholas Mander

The historian and businessman Sir Nicholas Mander and his Swedish wife, Karin, bought Owlpen Manor in 1974 when they were in their early 20s. It was a purchase that not only provided the perfect home for their growing family; it also forged a unique friendship with a man more than 60 years their senior – the great Arts and Crafts architect/designer Norman Jewson.

“The terraced gardens with a yew parlour and groups of great clipped yews remained just as they were in the time of Queen Anne… it seemed to me that such an exceptionally beautiful and interesting old house might still be saved.”
Norman Jewson, writing about Owlpen Manor, Uley, in By Chance I Did Rove, 1952

There’s a strange and unnatural chill over Owlpen Manor – sudden cold spots that envelope you like a blast from a crypt; frissons of cold, like the icy clutch of an unknown spirit reaching out clawed fingers from an ancient tomb. Perhaps it’s the malign influence of the alchemist who is said to continue his mischief still, centuries after his mortal remains were committed to the earth; or the naughty little girl, drowned in the millpond, who runs through the passages and sits on the stairs to the attic. Or even the tragic Queen Margaret of Anjou – occasionally seen at her bedroom window - who spent her last happy night at the manor before riding off to her doom at the Battle of Tewkesbury.
…Or, perhaps, none of the above.

“I’m afraid the central heating isn’t working,” apologises Sir Nicholas Mander. “We’re trying to track down a new pump, but it’s not proving easy.”
So, instead, we huddle in the kitchen, warmed by its range and the tempting aromas of hot coffee and baking.
Of course, while the sight of any of Owlpen’s many and varied unquiet spirits would prove an unsettling experience for mortals, don’t go assuming the ghosts have it all easy. The sight of Sir Nicholas and Karin, Lady Mander, relaxing in the kitchen is, undoubtedly, just as upsetting for those on the Other Side. They have their standards, too.

“When I was young, the kitchen was a room you weren’t allowed into; yet now it’s a room we spend our lives in,” Sir Nicholas acknowledges, with a wry smile. “Looking back, 50 years later, that does seem an extraordinary way of life.”
You can almost hear the ectoplasmic ‘tut’.

He has, it is true, seen the demise of a certain kind of world; a semi-feudal world. The life of servants and privilege that Sir Nicholas was born into, in 1950, had begun to sicken and languish around the time of the First World War, and breathed its death rattles in the early '60s.
It was a life where, were the heating to break down, you’d hardly have noticed. As if by magic, firewood would have been chopped and fires lit, without the lady or gentleman of the household having to lift a finger.
“When I was young, we lived in a farm between Stow and Moreton where everyone on the estate had their lives tied up with agriculture; a lot of people had been rooted there for generations; a lot had virtually never left the area except during the war; and even then, typically, they’d been in the veterinary corps or grooms in the cavalry – something to do with animals.”
The last vestiges of an age-old, traditional Gloucestershire?

“Yes; I did respond to that line of Laurie Lee about seeing the end of a thousand years of a changeless world. I feel that all my life I’ve been at the tail end of an era. I remember my aunt saying to me that my parents lived a pre-war way of life.”

Yet Sir Nicholas views its passing with the eye of an historian, not as one who bemoans the death of privilege. (In fact, he is a superb historian and the author of a number of authoritative books.)

“In other ways, the lifestyle was quite frugal – nothing was wasted,” he says. “The back of every envelope was written on; and my grandmother, who was a rich woman, would watch as you poured out a glass of water: ‘That’s enough! You mustn’t pour a full glass if you only want to drink half’. It’s just how the world was then.”

It’s a time he has written about eloquently and fascinatingly, such as in a recent article for Country Life magazine:
“As soon as you could walk, you were sent hunting, mounted bareback on wild mountain ponies bought from the gypsies at Stow Fair for a fiver. The master of the Heythrop, Captain Ronnie Wallace – known as ‘God’ – a shrewd school contemporary of my father’s, was a genius of a huntsman, pausing to teach us to descry scent maps by the way the mist steamed on the puddles.”

Sir Nicholas knew Lord Rothermere, who had his own basement cinema at Daylesford, where he would offer his guests vintage cigars; Alan Clutton-Brock, a family friend, the last laird of Jacobean Chastleton, who, (somewhat unusually), was ‘at odds with the hunting ethos’; and John Godolphin Bennett at Sherborne who died one morning ‘as he demonstrated Gurdjieff’s dance movements to his (mostly) American students on the lawn’.
Yet it was Owlpen Manor itself that ‘introduced’ the Manders to one of the most fascinating of the Cotswolds’ characters: the Arts and Crafts architect-designer, Norman Jewson.

As a young man in his 20s, who had newly purchased Owlpen Manor, Sir Nicholas sat down and penned a letter to Norman Jewson, one of the manor’s former owners. Jewson, duly noting the old-fashioned writing, automatically assumed he was corresponding with some crusty septuagenarian. He was far from the only person to make such an erroneous leap of logic.

“When we first moved here, I’d get letters addressed to Colonel Mander. Somehow people didn’t believe that the person who lived here wasn’t a colonel,” Sir Nicholas laughs. As it happened, he was a young husband with a growing family, and a wife who was initially reluctant even to look at this ancient manor house.

But as they descended into the remote valley that holds Owlpen like the palm of a hand and saw the delicately-grey Tudor manor for themselves, they were spellbound in exactly the same way so many others had been before them: Gertrude Jekyll, HJ Massingham, Vita Sackville-West, David Verey and Francis Comstock, to name but a few.

The smart London couple, the Pagans, who were selling their ‘weekend’ retreat were well-heeled, both metaphorically and literally - they probably didn’t own a pair of wellington boots between them.

“They were very nice people and we got on very well but they had bought the house in the early '60s when there was no real feeling for, or knowledge of, conservation architecture – just a few lone voices in the wilderness.

“They were using cement mixes; they’d put white gloss paint everywhere. The windows were rattling, so they took out the medieval glass; they knocked down outbuildings where you would have kept the saddles and boots and coats and logs... Gone forever.”

No wonder Norman Jewson – who still dearly loved the house - breathed a sigh of relief when the Manders’ offer was accepted, for they couldn’t have been more different. This was a family where spring lambs, born damp in snowdrifts, would be brought into the kitchen to be warmed by the Aga; where children would be the first to run round the passageways in nearly 300 years (if you discount the youngest ghost). For the five Mander offspring are thought to be the first to have been born and raised in the manor house since the early 18th century.

Despite an almost 70-year age gap, the two men became firm friends and, in the last 18 months of his life, Jewson watched as the Manders began the painstaking work of putting Owlpen back together.

“He felt we had all the same interests and said how wonderful it was to have someone who appreciated not only Owlpen but all that it stood for, because there was a sense with his generation that Owlpen was a symbol of something; of Englishness, perhaps.
“I was working in London, where I had started a group of tutorial schools, but at the same time we were farming: we had goats and sheep and a ‘Good Life’ kind of existence, with rare Cotswold sheep and Gloucester cattle. Karin was spinning and weaving and making smocks - I don’t know whether we thought the world was going to end!”

“I think we were a little bit hippyish – that’s one way of putting it,” Lady Mander smiles.

Jewson, at this point, was around 90 years old and in the last 18 months of his life. Brought up in rural Norfolk, long before the first world war, he had known many great luminaries of the Arts and Craft Movement:

“I don’t know if he’d shaken hands with William Morris but there was certainly an apostolic succession going right back,”
Sir Nicholas says. “By the time we got to know him, he was slightly misanthropic. As an artist and a craftsman, he was out of sympathy with modernism; the world had ‘abandoned’ him. I can remember, in particular, reciting with him Raleigh’s poem, I wish I loved the human race. Now, of course, everyone thinks he’s wonderful and fascinating, but people live through this period very often late in life where their friends have died and they feel everything they’ve done has been a waste of time.”

Jewson thought so much of the Manders that, when he died, he left them sketches, drawings and various pieces of furniture. Walking round this lovely house, his influence and work are clearly discernable, right down to where the craftsmen he employed mended a door – if you examine it, you’ll see an obvious, honest repair, not fudged to look old: typical of the Arts and Crafts lack of pretention. Elsewhere, there is Arts and Crafts modelled plasterwork set into the walls – one of the clay strawberry-leaf moulds that he created is on display in a bedroom. And there’s furniture, such as a stunning writing bureau in walnut and ebony made in Sapperton in 1913 by Sidney Barnsley who, with his brother Ernest, also worked with Gimson and Jewson.

“Sidney Barnsley was said to have made all his own furniture with his own hands, so there’s very little of it,” Sir Nicholas explains. “The group began with the idea that every workman and labourer should have a simple piece of well-made furniture, but that wasn’t sustainable and they ended up making furniture for the rich, instead.”

Jewson, like others of his set, was a complicated, fascinating man.

“He married, I think it was said, rather beneath him – Ernest Barnsley’s daughter – and he treated his daughter, Nancy, like a sort of servant. I went there to have tea with him, not really knowing the set-up. This very nice woman came in with wonderful cups of tea and scones, and he hardly took any notice of her - just sort of dismissed her. I was amazed to find it was his daughter. I think she and his wife didn’t share his intellectual interests. But after he died, she became a friend of ours, and I’d go and collect her to spend time with us.”

In spite of its importance, of course, the Arts and Crafts heritage is just one small part of the history that lives on at Owlpen. There are eclectic collections and assorted ephemera that have been imported here – 18th-century purses; a man’s velvet embroidered costume; an exhibition of manorial charters and deeds from 1220 (the philanthropic and progressive Mander family have been avid collectors over the years). Family portraits abound, alongside interesting photographs – such as Lloyd George staying with Manders of years gone by.
And there are those touches intrinsic to the house itself: graffiti carved into the fireplace by the Daunt boys – Giles, Achilles and Kingscote – who lived here more than 300 years ago: “I have no idea whether or not they would have been severely castigated,” Sir Nicholas smiles.

And the unique painted cloths, recorded here in 1719 but probably dating from 60 years earlier, which hang in Queen Margaret’s Room; Sir Nicholas is currently writing a scholarly book on them.

“They’re very rare because they’re the only complete series of painted cloths to survive in situ. At one time, they were almost universal in the south of England at medieval yeoman level and above – a sort of early wallpaper. They were an interesting part of Elizabethan culture, and Shakespeare himself refers to them several times.”

It’s this room that the elegant and kindly ghost of Queen Margaret is said to haunt. During the war, Owlpen’s then-owner, Barbara Bray, took in evacuees from Birmingham. One night, she found them awake in bed, excitedly discussing their visitor, 'a lovely lady with long sleeves and dress all trimmed with fur, and with a funny peaked hat that had a long veil hanging down behind’. Though the children wouldn’t have known it, it’s a perfect description of the sort of costume she would have worn.

“I go and speak to the ghosts and tell them to behave,” Lady Mander says. “I’m probably mad but that’s what I do. Margaret of Anjou is completely benign but there’s one who’s nasty – an alchemist, possibly a tutor to the boys who once lived here.
“Once, at five in the morning, my son came into my bedroom looking for arnica. When I asked him why, he said it was because his friend had been slapped by the ghost. I shot out of bed to the room where this boy was sleeping, and he was sitting up in bed, white as a sheet, in deep shock. Since then, other people have said they haven’t felt comfortable in that room, either.

“We had an exorcism about a year ago. The following morning, I woke up and I have to say I felt the most amazing lightness in the house – I can’t describe it. Nicky doesn’t believe in ghosts.”

“Well,” Sir Nicholas counters, “I don’t really know what I believe in.”

Not ghosts, maybe, but history, yes. And certainly staying true to the spirit of the people who once lived here.

“We’ve always been rather sensitive to the sense of history, but also to the fabric and the past lives that have flowed through,” he says. “You do ponder the mysteries surrounding the house. You see some indentation in a piece of wood and think, ‘Someone’s made that; crafted it; whittled it; carved it;’ Shakespeare wrote about sermons in stones.

“These are the sorts of things we’re trying to hand on to the next generation.”

For details of Owlpen Manor, including opening times, the restaurant and the holiday cottages, visit
www.owlpen.com

Country Houses of the Cotswolds by Nicholas Mander is published by Aurum Press, price £25.
© 2009 Archant Life Limited